Are you looking to introduce some new skincare ingredients into your routine? Want to fix those skin concerns, and nothing seems to be working? Maybe your skin has adjusted to your current skincare routine. Well, whatever the reason, we should always invest in our skin as it’s our lifelong jacket!
In today’s blog, we will be introducing you to 4 skincare ingredients that you should consider depending on your skin type!
Skincare Ingredient 1: Retinol (Vitamin A)
The first skincare ingredient is Retinol, also known as Vitamin A, a common ingredient found in many over-the-counter skincare products. As a specific Vitamin A compound, retinol is not to be confused with others with similar names such as retinoids.
Retinol stimulates the natural production of collagen, which is a vital protein that helps the body maintain the cells in the deeper level of the skin called the dermis. With age, as the production of collagen declines, wrinkles start to form. Those over the age of 60 or experiencing menopause experience the most noticeable drop in collagen production. Retinol speeds up skin cell turnover and disposes of old skin cells, revealing newer and brighter skin. By revealing the skin underneath, skin appears visibly younger and glowy.
Whilst retinol comes with many benefits, retinol cause problems for different skin types. As with any new product, it is worth researching what retinol product suits your skin type. For someone who has sensitive skin, retinol can cause the skin to be irritated, burn, peel and visible redness. We recommend avoiding mixing retinol with powerful acids like AHAs & BHAs as it can cause skin damage.
Skincare Ingredient 2: Niacinamide (Vitamin B)
Niacinamide, also known as Vitamin B3 and Nicotinamide is an essential vitamin for the skin found in skincare and food. The niacinamide ingredient helps the skin to do many things such as:
- Improves skin moisture barrier, which helps the skin effectively hold moisture for a lengthier period because of niacinamide.
- Reduces skin texture by reducing the size of the pores, which also aids in keeping moisture in the skin.
- Rejuvenates skin around the eyes. The most delicate skin on the face around the eye as there is less skin there. Signs of ageing usually appear there first, and niacinamide can help minimise fine lines and wrinkles for more youthful eyes.
- Lighten dark marks and hyperpigmentation marks.
- Great for people with oily skin, as niacinamide helps regulate sebum production.
- Niacinamide also helps to build keratin, a vital protein that maintains the integrity of the skin.
- Vitamin B3 helps the skin form a ceramide (lipid) barrier, another way the body retains moisture in the skin. All skin types benefit from this, especially eczema or older skin.
- It also protects the skin against environmental stresses such as sunlight, pollution and other toxins.
In many cases, niacinamide is amongst other ingredients in different skin products. If you are using a niacinamide serum, apply it before creams and oils so the skin can absorb it better. Do not mix niacinamide with vitamin c. The two compounds together create niacin, which can cause the skin to flush and ting temporarily and even turn the skin yellow. Using both vitamins together also makes both niacinamide and vitamin c ineffective.
Skincare Ingredient 3: Hyaluronic Acid
Hyaluronic acid, also known as hyaluronan has a gel-like consistency and is naturally occurring in the body. Half of the body’s reserve for hyaluronic acid is found in the skin. Made up of long chains of carbohydrate molecules, which combine with water to help the skin retain moisture, and this helps keep the skin hydrated. Hyaluronic acid is similar to a sponge as it can attract and retain over a thousand times more than its weight in water.
The compound can also increase the speed of wound healing. As hyaluronic acid is already present in the skin, the concentration increases when used in a skincare routine. The acid also regulates inflammation levels within the body, specifically by signalling damaged areas of the body to build more blood vessels when needed. If hyaluronic acid is applied directly to the wound, studies have shown that it can reduce the size and pain faster than some treatments. The acid also has some antibacterial properties, it decreases the risk of the wound getting infected when applied directly.
Skincare Ingredient 4: AHAs and BHAs
Another popular skincare ingredient would be AHAs and BHAs! Let’s start with AHAs (Alpha hydroxy acid) are chemical compounds that naturally occur in various foods such as fruits. Popular AHAs found in skincare are glycolic acid, lactic acid and citric acid. AHAs are water-soluble acids that peel off the old skin. Encouraging new skin cells to generate and be seen on the surface of the skin. After using an AHA, the skin is smoother in appearance and to touch. AHAs can help improve hyperpigmentation, enlarged pores, fine lines/wrinkles and uneven skin tone. Due to the strength of Alpha hydroxy acids, people who have dry or sensitive skin need to be more careful in their usage. We recommend gradually working up to daily use, but daily use is not always necessary.
BHAs often recognised as salicylic acid. BHAs (Beta hydroxy acid) is the opposite of AHAs! It is an oil-soluble chemical compound found in fresh fruit & vegetables, milk and yoghurt. Primary uses include treating acne and sun damage. BHAs go into the pores and clean out the oil that is clogging them. The skincare ingredients boast antibacterial and anti-inflammatory qualities, perfect for treating acne-prone skin and blackheads. Similar to AHAs, BHAs make the skin more sensitive to the sun, which can cause serious damage. Remember to constantly use a moisturiser or sunscreen that has an SPF of 30 and higher.
If you found this blog useful or want some more beauty tips, why not check out the following blogs:
- Microdermabrasion at Home: Everything you Need to Know
- Updating your Skincare Routine during Lockdown
- How To Remove Acrylic Nails at Home