skincare ingredients to brighten, reduce signs of ageing that you need to try

Are you looking to introduce some new skincare ingredients into your routine? Want to fix those skin concerns, and nothing seems to be working? Maybe your skin has adjusted to your current skincare routine. Well, whatever the reason, we should always invest in our skin as it’s our lifelong jacket!

In today’s blog, we will be introducing you to 12 skincare ingredients that you should consider depending on your skin type!

Essential Popular Skincare Ingredients

1. Retinol (Vitamin A) 

The first skincare ingredient is Retinol, also known as Vitamin A, a common ingredient found in many over-the-counter skincare products. As a specific Vitamin A compound, retinol is not to be confused with others with similar names such as retinoids.  

Retinol stimulates the natural production of collagen, which is a vital protein that helps the body maintain the cells in the deeper level of the skin called the dermis. With age, as the production of collagen declines, wrinkles start to form. Those over the age of 60 or experiencing menopause experience the most noticeable drop in collagen production. Retinol speeds up skin cell turnover and disposes of old skin cells, revealing newer and brighter skin. By revealing the skin underneath, skin appears visibly younger and glowy.

Whilst retinol comes with many benefits, retinol cause problems for different skin types. As with any new product, it is worth researching what retinol product suits your skin type. For someone who has sensitive skin, retinol can cause the skin to be irritated, burn, peel and visible redness. We recommend avoiding mixing retinol with powerful acids like AHAs & BHAs as it can cause skin damage.

2. Niacinamide (Vitamin B) 

Niacinamide, also known as Vitamin B3 and Nicotinamide is an essential vitamin for the skin found in skincare and food. The niacinamide ingredient helps the skin to do many things such as:

  • Improves skin moisture barrier, which helps the skin effectively hold moisture for a lengthier period because of niacinamide. 
  • Reduces skin texture by reducing the size of the pores, which also aids in keeping moisture in the skin. 
  • Rejuvenates skin around the eyes. The most delicate skin on the face around the eye as there is less skin there. Signs of ageing usually appear there first, and niacinamide can help minimise fine lines and wrinkles for more youthful eyes. 
  • Lighten dark marks and hyperpigmentation marks. 
  • Great for people with oily skin, as niacinamide helps regulate sebum production.
  • Niacinamide also helps to build keratin, a vital protein that maintains the integrity of the skin.
  • Vitamin B3 helps the skin form a ceramide (lipid) barrier, another way the body retains moisture in the skin. All skin types benefit from this, especially eczema or older skin. 
  • It also protects the skin against environmental stresses such as sunlight, pollution and other toxins. 

 In many cases, niacinamide is amongst other ingredients in different skin products. If you are using a niacinamide serum, apply it before creams and oils so the skin can absorb it better. Do not mix niacinamide with vitamin c. The two compounds together create niacin, which can cause the skin to flush and ting temporarily and even turn the skin yellow. Using both vitamins together also makes both niacinamide and vitamin c ineffective.

3. Hyaluronic Acid

Hyaluronic acid, also known as hyaluronan has a gel-like consistency and is naturally occurring in the body. Half of the body’s reserve for hyaluronic acid is found in the skin. Made up of long chains of carbohydrate molecules, which combine with water to help the skin retain moisture, and this helps keep the skin hydrated. Hyaluronic acid is similar to a sponge as it can attract and retain over a thousand times more than its weight in water. 

The compound can also increase the speed of wound healing. As hyaluronic acid is already present in the skin, the concentration increases when used in a skincare routine. The acid also regulates inflammation levels within the body, specifically by signalling damaged areas of the body to build more blood vessels when needed. If hyaluronic acid is applied directly to the wound, studies have shown that it can reduce the size and pain faster than some treatments. The acid also has some antibacterial properties, it decreases the risk of the wound getting infected when applied directly. 

4. AHAs and BHAs

Another popular skincare ingredient would be AHAs and BHAs! Let’s start with AHAs (Alpha hydroxy acid) are chemical compounds that naturally occur in various foods such as fruits. Popular AHAs found in skincare are glycolic acid, lactic acid and citric acid. AHAs are water-soluble acids that peel off the old skin. Encouraging new skin cells to generate and be seen on the surface of the skin. After using an AHA, the skin is smoother in appearance and to touch. AHAs can help improve hyperpigmentation, enlarged pores, fine lines/wrinkles and uneven skin tone. Due to the strength of Alpha hydroxy acids, people who have dry or sensitive skin need to be more careful in their usage. We recommend gradually working up to daily use, but daily use is not always necessary.

BHAs often recognised as salicylic acid. BHAs (Beta hydroxy acid) is the opposite of AHAs! It is an oil-soluble chemical compound found in fresh fruit & vegetables, milk and yoghurt. Primary uses include treating acne and sun damage. BHAs go into the pores and clean out the oil that is clogging them. The skincare ingredients boast antibacterial and anti-inflammatory qualities, perfect for treating acne-prone skin and blackheads. Similar to AHAs, BHAs make the skin more sensitive to the sun, which can cause serious damage. Remember to constantly use a moisturiser or sunscreen that has an SPF of 30 and higher.

5. Ceramides

Ceramides are lipids in the skin’s outermost layer that protect against moisture loss, environmental damage, and irritants. They act like bricks to hold the skin barrier in place.

  • Moisture Retention: Ceramides help to lock in moisture, keeping your skin hydrated and supple. They form a protective layer that prevents water loss, resulting in a more plump and youthful complexion.
  • Enhanced Skin Protection: Ceramides fortify the skin barrier, making it more resistant to environmental stressors. They protect against pollution, harsh weather conditions, and irritants, reducing the risk of skin damage and inflammation.
  • Improved Skin Texture: With a reinforced barrier, ceramides help to smoothen rough and uneven skin texture. They promote a smoother surface and contribute to a more radiant complexion.
  • Soothing and Calming: Ceramides have anti-inflammatory properties, which can help soothe and calm irritated or sensitive skin. They can be particularly beneficial for individuals with conditions like eczema or rosacea.

Include ceramides in your skincare routine for healthy and resilient skin. These products restore and maintain your skin barrier, resulting in a hydrated, protected, radiant complexion.

6. Azelaic Acid

Azelaic acid is a popular skincare ingredient derived from barley, wheat, and rye grains. It can effectively treat acne, hyperpigmentation, and rosacea, making it an excellent addition to any skincare routine.

  • Targeted Treatment for Acne: Azelaic acid fights acne by reducing excess oil, preventing clogged pores, and combating acne-causing bacteria. It also soothes inflammation and redness during breakouts.
  • Hyperpigmentation and Dark Spot Reduction: Azelaic acid reduces dark spots and hyperpigmentation by limiting melanin production, resulting in a more even skin tone.
  • Rosacea Relief: Azelaic acid can help those with rosacea by reducing redness and calming skin sensitivity through constraining blood vessels and soothing the skin.
  • Gentle Exfoliation: Azelaic acid gently exfoliates, promoting cell turnover for smoother skin. It’s well-tolerated by sensitive skin, making it an excellent choice for those prone to irritation.
  • Antioxidant and Anti-inflammatory Properties: Azelaic acid is a helpful skin protector that shields against pollution and UV damage. Additionally, it is effective in reducing inflammation and redness.

Azelaic acid is a powerful skincare ingredient that can improve acne, hyperpigmentation, and rosacea. Use it for a clearer complexion.

7. Squalane

Squalane is a skincare ingredient that has gained significant popularity in recent years. Derived from squalene, naturally produced by our skin, squalane offers numerous benefits for skin health and hydration.

  • Deep Hydration: Try using lightweight squalane moisturizer for hydrated, nourished skin. It absorbs quickly, without residue, and works for all skin types.
  • Skin Barrier Protection: Squalane improves the skin’s natural barrier, keeping it healthy and resilient against moisture loss and environmental stressors.
  • Anti-Aging Properties: Squalane protects the skin from damage and reduces signs of aging.
  • Gentle and Non-Irritating: Squalane is safe for most people, even those with sensitive skin. It won’t cause acne or block pores, making it a good choice for those with reactive skin.
  • Versatile and Multipurpose: Squalane is a versatile skincare ingredient for moisturizers, serums, oils, and makeup. It harmonizes well with other active ingredients.

Squalane can improve skin health and appearance. It’s rejuvenating, protective, and hydrating. Use squalane-based products daily for healthy, glowing skin.

8. Benzoyl Peroxide

Benzoyl Peroxide is a popular ingredient in acne treatments. It kills acne-causing bacteria and reduces inflammation. It can be found in many over-the-counter products.

  • Acne Treatment: Benzoyl Peroxide treats acne by targeting bacteria and reducing inflammation.
  • Unclogs Pores: Benzoyl Peroxide can effectively remove oil buildup, dead skin cells, and bacteria that clog pores and cause acne.
  • Reduces Excess Oil: Benzoyl Peroxide helps control oily and acne-prone skin by preventing clogged pores and reducing excess oil.
  • Anti-Inflammatory Properties: Benzoyl Peroxide helps fight acne by killing bacteria and reducing inflammation.
  • Spot Treatment and Prevention: Benzoyl Peroxide is an effective solution for managing and preventing acne breakouts.
  • Available in Different Strengths: Start with a low concentration of Benzoyl Peroxide and gradually increase as needed. Higher concentrations may cause skin dryness and irritation. Choose from 2.5% to 10% strengths.
  • Bleaching Effect: Benzoyl Peroxide can bleach fabrics, hair, and colored clothing. Be careful when applying it to avoid any unwanted discoloration.

Benzoyl Peroxide fights bacteria clears blocked pores and reduces inflammation to treat and prevent acne for more transparent, healthier-looking skin.

9. Dimethicone

Dimethicone in skincare products creates a protective layer on the skin. It’s a non-comedogenic silicone-based polymer suitable for all skin types, even sensitive and acne-prone skin.

One of the key benefits of Dimethicone creates a protective layer on the skin that retains moisture and prevents dryness, making it great for dry skin. It is a smoothing agent that creates a smooth coating on the skin, blurring the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. It’s commonly used in primers and foundations for a smooth makeup application.

Dimethicone protects the skin from environmental stressors like pollution, UV rays, and harsh weather by minimizing their penetration into the skin. It helps maintain skin health and resilience. It reduces transepidermal water loss by forming a barrier that prevents dryness and dehydration.

Look for products with a balanced blend of Dimethicone and other beneficial ingredients to target your needs. It’s commonly found in moisturizers, primers, serums, and hair care products.

10. Glycerin

Glycerin is a versatile ingredient in skincare with exceptional moisturizing properties. It attracts and retains moisture, keeping the skin hydrated and healthy.

Glycerin is an excellent ingredient for dry skin because it draws moisture from the environment and forms a protective barrier on the skin’s surface. It helps maintain the skin’s moisture balance and supports its natural barrier function, making it great for sensitive skin.

Glycerin is a versatile ingredient that moisturizes and soothes sensitive skin. It works well with different skin types and is used in various skincare products. Look for high-quality formulations that combine glycerin with other beneficial ingredients for maximum benefits. Glycerin attracts and retains water, strengthens the skin’s barrier, and leaves skin feeling soft, smooth, and nourished.

11. Copper Peptide

Copper peptide is a powerful anti-aging ingredient that combines copper and peptides. It helps stimulate collagen and elastin production, which are crucial for skin health and rejuvenation. This results in a more youthful and rejuvenated complexion.

Copper peptide boosts collagen, fights free radicals, and promotes healing. It’s safe for most skin types, but patch tests for sensitive skin. Look for reputable brands and formulations with a high enough concentration for noticeable results. Use it consistently for a more youthful, radiant complexion.

12. Kojic Acid

Kojic acid is derived from fungi and is effective in brightening and lightening skin. It inhibits the enzyme tyrosinase, reducing melanin production and improving skin tone. It’s beneficial for treating hyperpigmentation caused by sun damage, melasma, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Regular use can lead to a more even and radiant complexion.

Kojic acid is a skincare ingredient that brightens skin and acts as an antioxidant by neutralizing free radicals that cause aging. Use products containing kojic acid correctly and avoid overexposure to sunlight. It’s available in different formulations for targeted treatment or overall brightening. 

However, it may not be suitable for those with sensitive skin. Proper usage and sun protection can lead to a brighter complexion by reducing hyperpigmentation and dark spots.


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